Impact of advanced maternal age on neonatal survival of twin small-for-gestational-age subtypes

The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Sibylle KristensenKaren B Fowler


We examined the impact of advanced maternal age (>40 years old) on the survival of twin small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants, that is, infants who were smaller in size than was expected for the baby's sex, genetic heritage, and gestational age. The present study was a retrospective cohort study on twin live births in the USA from 1995 to 1998 inclusive. Two categories of SGA babies were defined: discordant (when only one of a twin pair was SGA) and concordant (when both were SGA). Otherwise, the twin pair was appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) concordant. 192,195 twin pairs were analyzed. The incidence of SGA discordance and concordance was 11.8% and 3.9%, respectively. The occurrence of both SGA subtypes tended to decrease with increasing maternal age. The unadjusted risk for neonatal mortality increased when both twins were affected (15.8: 22.8 and 56.6 per 1000 among AGA concordant, SGA discordant and SGA concordant twins; P-value for trend < 0.0001). Using maternal-age-specific AGA babies as reference, the adjusted risk for neonatal mortality climbed progressively with advancing maternal age in a dose-dependent pattern, being lowest among teenagers and highest in mothers aged > or =40 years. SGA discordance and concor...Continue Reading


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Mar 30, 2013·BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth·Mary C CarolanMichelle Kealy
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