PMID: 8801308Apr 1, 1996Paper

Impact of antenatal diagnosis on incidence and prognosis in abdominal wall defects

Journal of Pediatric Surgery
R FisherE Dykes


The authors review data from the Congenital Malformation Registry in South East Thames regarding fetal abdominal wall defects. Over 24 months, 80 cases were observed (40 gastroschisis, 40 exomphalos). Live-born infants with gastroschisis had few associated anomalies and an excellent prognosis (83% survival rate). Exomphalos is associated with an increased rate of life-threatening anomalies and chromosomal defects. The latter cases often are terminated prenatally. If these cases are excluded, the 1-year survival rate for liveborn infants with exomphalos is favorable (close to 80%). Fetuses in whom gastroschisis and exomphalos are identified by ultrasonography but who have no associated life-threatening chromosomal anomalies should have a favorable prognosis.


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