Impact of de novo membranous glomerulonephritis on the clinical course after kidney transplantation
A SchwarzF Keller
Besides rejection-induced transplant glomerulopathy de novo membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) is the most frequent cause of nephrotic syndrome after renal transplantation. We evaluated 1029 renal transplantations (271 without and 758 with cyclosporine treatment), performed on 848 patients between 1970 and 1992, which resulted in 872 functioning grafts. De novo MGN was seen in 30 biopsy specimens from 21 patients (about 2%), of whom 10 had received immunosuppressive treatment without and 11 with cyclosporine. Taking into account the longer periods of observation of patients without compared with those with cyclosporine treatment (88 +/- 60 vs. 41 +/- 31 mo., respectively, P = 0.001), the two treatment groups did not differ significantly in prevalence of de novo MGN (4.0% vs. 1.5%). De novo MGN was diagnosed by biopsy 62.7 +/- 44.4 mo. after transplantation; its incidence increased significantly with time (from 0% to 5.3% over 8 years; 95% confidential interval: 1.7-8%). Proteinuria (mean, 3.2 +/- 2.9 g/L) was first observed 47.5 +/- 51.3 mo. after transplantation. Thirteen of the 21 patients (62%) were nephrotic (proteinuria, over 1.5 g/L). Steroid pulses were given to 12 patients with de novo MGN and high proteinuria, which d...Continue Reading
Allogenic therapies are generated in large batches from unrelated donor tissues such as bone marrow. In contrast, autologous therapies are manufactures as a single lot from the patient being treated. Here is the latest research on allogenic and autologous therapies.