Aug 24, 2006

Impact of promotion of mango and liver as sources of vitamin A for young children: a pilot study in Burkina Faso

Public Health Nutrition
C P NanaA S Traoré

Abstract

To assess the effectiveness of a behaviour change approach, with or without financial support, in improving vitamin A (VA) intake and serum retinol concentration through mango and liver consumption by children. A parallel design (no control area) was used to assess changes in VA intake and serum retinol over a 15-week period. A pilot study was implemented in the Department of Kokologho, a rural area in central west Burkina Faso. One hundred and fifty children aged 2-3 years were randomly selected and assigned to two treatment groups: PA$ (promotional activities and financial support) and PA (promotional activities). The intervention significantly increased (P < 0.001) total VA intake by 56% in PA$ and by 50% in PA. VA intake from liver increased significantly (P < 0.001) from 12.7 +/- 23.5 to 155.3 +/- 56.3 microg retinol activity equivalents (RAE) in PA$ and from 21.6 +/- 29.7 to 135.3 +/- 44.9 microg RAE in PA. Changes in VA intake from liver were significantly higher (P = 0.004) in PA$ compared with PA. Mean serum retinol concentration increased significantly by 26% (P < 0.001) in PA$ and 30% (P < 0.001) in PA. Changes in serum retinol concentration (0.13 micromol l(-1) in PA$ vs. 0.17 micromol l(-1) and in PA) did not...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Vitamin A
Mango allergenic extract
Health Campaigns
Pilot Projects
Vitamin A Deficiency
Aquasol A
All-Trans-Retinol
Vitamins
Mango Fruit
Mango extract

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