Impact of RNA Extraction and Target Capture Methods on RNA Sequencing Using Formalin-Fixed, Paraffin Embedded Tissues

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Christopher A. HilkerJin Jen

Abstract

Formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissues are commonly used biospecimen for clinical diagnosis. However, RNA degradation is extensive when isolated from FFPE blocks making it challenging for whole transcriptome profiling (RNA-seq). Here, we examined RNA isolation methods, quality metrics, and the performance of RNA-seq using different approaches with RNA isolated from FFPE and fresh frozen (FF) tissues. We evaluated FFPE RNA extraction methods using six different tissues and five different methods. The reproducibility and quality of the prepared libraries from these RNAs were assessed by RNA-seq. We next examined the performance and reproducibility of RNA-seq for gene expression profiling with FFPE and FF samples using targeted (Kinome capture) and whole transcriptome capture based sequencing. Finally, we assessed Agilent SureSelect All-Exon V6+UTR capture and the Illumina TruSeq RNA Access protocols for their ability to detect known gene fusions in FFPE RNA samples. Although the overall yield of RNA varied among extraction methods, gene expression profiles generated by RNA-seq were highly correlated (>90%) when the input RNA was of sufficient quality (≥DV200 30%) and quantity (≥ 100 ng). Using gene capture, we observed a...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Exons
Fresh Frozen Plasma
Gene Expression
Genes
RNA
Paraffin Embedding
Extraction
Isolation Aspects
Approach
Chemical Extraction

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