Sep 5, 2009

Impact of the 2005 American Heart Association cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care guidelines on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival

Prehospital Emergency Care : Official Journal of the National Association of EMS Physicians and the National Association of State EMS Directors
Michael R SayreShawn Koser


To describe changes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA) survival before and after the release of the 2005 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and emergency cardiovascular care (ECC). Data were extracted from an OOHCA registry for 1,681 adult cases of cardiac arrest treated by one emergency medical services (EMS) system between April 1, 2004, and December 31, 2007, in a large city (2005 population 730,657). The primary endpoint was survival to hospital discharge. A convenience sample of 69 electronic electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings was reviewed to assess CPR quality parameters using impedance waveform analysis during corresponding time periods. Intervention. Implementation of the 2005 AHA guidelines for CPR and ECC in spring 2006. The annual treated OOHCA incidence rate was 68/100,000; and the treated ventricular fibrillation (VF) incidence rate was 15/100,000. Bystanders performed CPR in 28% of cases. Public automated external defibrillator (AED) use was < 2% over the entire study, and few patients received hypothermia therapy. Unadjusted OOHCA survival rates were significantly higher in the postguidelines period at 9.4% (n = 1,021) than in the preguidelines period at 6.1...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Ventricular Fibrillation
Electric Impedance
Continuance of Life
Emergency Care
Basic Cardiac Life Support
American Heart Association
Best Practices

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