Impact of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt implantation on liver perfusion measured by volume perfusion CT

Acta Radiologica
Heike PreibschMarius Horger

Abstract

Background Implantation of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) induces changes of liver perfusion. Purpose To determine the changes in arterial, portal venous, and total perfusion of the liver parenchyma induced by TIPS using the technique of volume perfusion computed tomography (VPCT) and compare results with invasively measured hepatic intravascular pressure values. Material and Methods VPCT quantification of liver perfusion was performed in 23 patients (mean age, 62.5 ± 8.8 years) with portal hypertension in the pre-TIPS and post-TIPS setting, respectively. A commercially available software package was used for post-processing, enabling separate calculation of the dual (arterial [ALP] and portal venous [PVP]) blood supply and additionally of the hepatic perfusion index (HPI) (HPI = ALP/(ALP + PVP)*100%). Invasive pressure measurements were performed during the intervention, before and after TIPS placement. Liver function tests performed before and after the procedure were compared. Results Mean decrease of pressure gradient through TIPS was 13.3 mmHg. Mean normal values for ALP, PVP, and total perfusion (ALP + PVP) before TIPS were 15.9, 37.7, and 53.5 mL/100 mL/min, respectively, mean HPI was 35.4%. After...Continue Reading

References

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
imaging technique

Related Concepts

Liver
Liver Circulation
Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Procedure
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
Alkaline Phosphatase
Arteries
Bilirubin
Blood
Hypertension, Portal
Implantation Procedure

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