Impacts of Priming with Silicon on the Growth and Tolerance of Maize Plants to Alkaline Stress

Frontiers in Plant Science
Arafat A Abdel Latef, Lam-Son P Tran

Abstract

Silicon (Si) has been known to augment plant defense against biotic and abiotic pressures. Maize (Zea maize L.) is classified as a Si accumulator and is relatively susceptible to alkaline stress. In this study, seeds of maize were grown in pots and exposed to various concentrations of Na2CO3 (0, 25, 50, and 75 mM) with or without 1.5 mM Si in the form of sodium metasilicate Na2O3Si.5H2O for 25 days. Alkaline-stressed plants showed a decrease in growth parameters, leaf relative water content (LRWC), and the contents of photosynthetic pigments, soluble sugars, total phenols and potassium ion (K(+)), as well as potassium/sodium ion (K(+)/Na(+)) ratio. By contrast, alkaline stress increased the contents of soluble proteins, total free amino acids, proline, Na(+) and malondialdehyde (MDA), as well as the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and peroxidase (POD) in stressed plants. On the other hand, application of Si by seed-priming improved growth of stressed plants, which was accompanied by the enhancement in LRWC, and levels of photosynthetic pigments, soluble sugars, soluble proteins, total free amino acids and K(+), as well as activities of SOD, CAT, and POD enzymes. Furthermore, Si supplement resulted in a...Continue Reading

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Citations

Aug 4, 2016·Frontiers in Plant Science·Devrim CoskunHerbert J Kronzucker
Jan 18, 2017·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Mojtaba KordrostamiHassan Hassani Kumleh
Jun 13, 2019·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Mansi SharmaRavinder Kumar Kohli
Aug 30, 2019·Plants·Arafat Abdel Hamed Abdel LatefOsama Moseilhy Saleh
Oct 21, 2017·International Journal of Phytoremediation·Nasim Ahmad YasinWaheed Akram
Dec 26, 2019·Scientific Reports·Adil KhanAbdul Latif Khan
Mar 10, 2018·Frontiers in Chemistry·Mouna LamaouiFaouzi Bekkaoui
Oct 28, 2019·Scientific Reports·Md Mezanur RahmanLam-Son Phan Tran
Apr 24, 2020·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Taia A Abd El-MageedShimaa A Abd El-Mageed
Jul 27, 2017·Frontiers in Plant Science·Simone LandiSergio Esposito
May 10, 2018·Frontiers in Plant Science·Cylia HaddadPhilippe Laîné
Jan 7, 2021·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Aline Soares PereiraCarlos Rogério Mauch
Nov 12, 2020·Plants·Arafat Abdel Hamed Abdel LatefMona Fawzy Abu Alhmad
Jan 13, 2021·Plant Physiology and Biochemistry : PPB·Mona F A DawoodArafat Abdel Hamed Abdel Latef
Apr 1, 2021·Critical Reviews in Biotechnology·Mohammad Golam MostofaLam-Son Phan Tran
Apr 4, 2021·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Zahoor AhmadAyman El Sabagh
May 1, 2021·Plants·Sara Monzerrat Ramírez-OlveraCrescenciano Saucedo-Veloz
May 28, 2021·Plant Physiology and Biochemistry : PPB·B N DevannaRupesh Deshmukh
Jun 27, 2021·Plant Physiology and Biochemistry : PPB·Rabia NazManzer Hussain Siddiqui
Jun 22, 2021·Plant Physiology and Biochemistry : PPB·Ali M A El-BadriGuangsheng Zhou
Aug 21, 2021·Scientific Reports·Kamilla Silva OliveiraPriscila Lupino Gratão

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