Jun 16, 2019

Impaired SIRT3 activity mediates cardiac dysfunction in endotoxemia by calpain-dependent disruption of ATP synthesis

Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Christoph KoentgesHeiko Bugger

Abstract

Sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy contributes to the high mortality of septic shock in critically ill patients. Since the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood, we hypothesized that sepsis-induced impairment of sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) activity contributes to the development of septic cardiomyopathy. Treatment of mice with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 6 h resulted in myocardial NAD+ depletion and increased mitochondrial protein acetylation, indicating impaired myocardial SIRT3 activity due to NAD+ depletion. LPS treatment also resulted in impaired cardiac output in isolated working hearts, indicating endotoxemia-induced cardiomyopathy. Maintaining normal myocardial NAD+ levels in LPS-treated mice by Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase 1 (PARP1) deletion prevented cardiac dysfunction, whereas additional SIRT3 deficiency blunted this beneficial effect, indicating that impaired SIRT3 activity contributes to cardiac dysfunction in endotoxemia. Measurements of mitochondrial ATP synthesis suggest that LPS-induced contractile dysfunction may result from cardiac energy depletion due to impaired SIRT3 activity. Pharmacological inhibition of mitochondrial calpains using MDL28170 normalized LPS-induced cleavage of the ATP5A1 subunit of ATP syntha...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ischemia
Biochemical Pathway
SIRT3
Myocardial Disorder
Genes
Suppression, Genetic
Gene Deletion
Myocardium
SIRT3 gene
SIRT3 protein, human

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