Impression materials in fixed prosthodontics: influence of choice on clinical procedure

Journal of Prosthodontics : Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Techkouhie A HamalianJosé J Chidiac


The purpose of this article is to review impression materials used for fabricating fixed restorations in dentistry. Their compositions, properties, advantages, and disadvantages are presented and compared. How these properties influence clinical decisions is also described. This review helps the clinician choose which material is more suitable for a specific case. A broad search of the published literature was performed using Medline to identify pertinent current articles. Textbooks, the Internet, and manufacturers' literature were also used to supplement this information. It is limited to impression materials used in fixed prosthodontics. The review gives basic knowledge of ideal impression material properties and discusses traditional and, primarily, more recently developed products, such as polyethers, poly(vinyl siloxane), polysulfides, and condensation silicone materials. Clear advantages and disadvantages for these impression materials are provided along with the role that compositional variations have on the outcome of the impression. This should enable clinicians and technicians to easily identify the important physical properties of each type of impression material and their primary clinical indications.


Oct 1, 1977·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·T W HerfortR J Goodkind
Aug 1, 1979·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·A NayyarT Okabe
Nov 1, 1992·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·W W Chee, T E Donovan
Aug 1, 1991·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·A H TjanL Baum
Sep 1, 1991·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·J KloosterA H Tjan
Aug 1, 1991·The Journal of the American Dental Association·J A Cottone, J A Molinari
Feb 1, 1989·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·D H Pratten, R G Craig
Apr 1, 1988·The Journal of the American Dental Association·G H JohnsonG L Powell
Mar 1, 1988·The Journal of the American Dental Association·C D Reitz, N P Clark
Jun 1, 1988·Scandinavian Journal of Dental Research·A Peutzfeldt, E Asmussen
Mar 1, 1988·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·C C LinV B Dhuru
Jan 1, 1986·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·L C NeissenJ Greenbaum
Feb 1, 1985·The Journal of the American Dental Association·R G Craig
Oct 1, 1985·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·S C Keck
Nov 1, 1974·The Journal of the American Dental Association·J H Hembree, L J Nunez
Jul 1, 1966·Journal of Dental Research·M Braden
Jul 1, 1984·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·P T WilliamsW Bergman
May 1, 1983·Journal of Dental Research·T J SpranleyK L Zimmerman
Jul 1, 1983·Journal of Oral Rehabilitation·J M ClancyR L Ettinger
Jan 1, 1981·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·J N CiescoB Mazur
Aug 19, 1995·British Dental Journal·M A Baumann
Jan 1, 1994·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·S GelbardN Stern
Aug 1, 1993·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·L M de CamargoT E Donovan
Jul 1, 1997·The Journal of the American Dental Association·G J Christensen
Aug 12, 1998·Journal of Dentistry·K W BoeningU Schuette
Nov 21, 1998·Journal of Dental Research·J F McCabe, H Arikawa
Feb 12, 1999·Australian Dental Journal·M N Mandikos
Apr 30, 1999·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·G L AdaboC A Cruz
May 15, 2001·Journal of Oral Rehabilitation·K OmoriK Inoue
Oct 25, 2001·The Journal of Organic Chemistry·Carl G. Krespan, David A. Dixon
Jan 5, 2002·American Journal of Dentistry·P JainK V Krell
Apr 16, 2002·Clinical Oral Implants Research·Chris C L Wyatt, George A Zarb
May 31, 2002·The Journal of the American Dental Association·Lawrence Gettleman
Nov 12, 2002·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·Xavier LepeG Scott Stroh
Dec 25, 2002·Dental Materials : Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials·André F ReisGláucia M Ambrosano
Sep 5, 2003·International Dental Journal·Mustafa OztürkErdem Kiliç
Oct 18, 2003·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·Glen H JohnsonTar Chee Aw
Jun 3, 2004·Dental Clinics of North America·Terry E Donovan, Winston W L Chee
May 19, 2005·Journal of Oral Rehabilitation·A Bindl, W H Mörmann
Dec 13, 2005·Journal of Prosthodontics : Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists·Mary P WalkerKaren Williams
Jun 15, 2007·Journal of Prosthodontics : Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists·Konstantinos X MichalakisPavlos D Garefis
Jan 1, 2008·Dental Materials : Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials·Matthew J GermanJohn F McCabe
Jul 31, 2009·Journal of Dental Research·M BalkenholB Wöstmann

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Dec 1, 2015·Journal of Prosthodontics : Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists·Björn GjelvoldJenö Kisch
Dec 23, 2015·International Journal of Dentistry·Dino ReCamillo D'Arcangelo
Jun 6, 2013·Journal of Prosthodontics : Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists·Shifra LevartovskyTamar Brosh
Apr 7, 2016·Journal of Prosthodontic Research·Panagiotis TsirogiannisDaniel R Reissmann
Oct 14, 2016·PloS One·Stephania Caroline Rodolfo SilvaJosé Maurício Dos Santos Nunes Reis
Oct 14, 2016·Brazilian Oral Research·Lorena Oliveira PedrocheCarla Castiglia Gonzaga
Dec 16, 2017·Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica·Francisco MartinsPaulo Maurício
Aug 24, 2018·Dental Materials Journal·Adil O AbdullahYi Liu
Nov 15, 2018·Journal of Prosthodontics : Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists·Kyung Chul OhHong Seok Moon
Jul 28, 2019·International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry·Hakan Yilmaz, Merve Nur Aydin
Apr 19, 2017·Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials·Mohamed-Nur AbdallahFaleh Tamimi
Jan 1, 2014·ISRN Hepatology·Erika WichroKarine Sargsyan
Sep 7, 2017·The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics·Marie-Hélène PastoretNicola Ursula Zitzmann
Feb 2, 2013·Dental Materials Journal·Shifra LevartovskyRaphael Pilo
Dec 2, 2017·Journal of Prosthodontic Research·Alexander SchmidtBernd Wöstmann
Oct 21, 2019·European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry : Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry·I ZenC C Dezan-Garbelini
Sep 7, 2013·Journal of Veterinary Dentistry·Rachel Perry
Jul 5, 2018·BMC Oral Health·Emad A AlbdourReinhilde Jacobs
Sep 1, 2018·Clinical Oral Investigations·Santiago BerrenderoGuillermo Pradíes
Nov 21, 2020·Journal of Prosthodontics : Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists·Bulent PiskinOmer Karakoc
Jan 9, 2021·Journal of Healthcare Engineering·Dorota KustrzyckaWojciech Grzebieluch
Sep 2, 2017·The Science of the Total Environment·Jing ChenChristopher A Mullin
Apr 24, 2021·The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry·Johannes Matthias RiesRagai-Edward Matta
Apr 24, 2021·Dental Materials : Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials·Shahab Ud DinMangala Patel
Oct 16, 2018·Dental Materials : Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials·Shahab Ud DinMangala Patel

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Epigenetics Insights from Twin Studies

Find the latest research on epigenetics and twin studies here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.