Improved performance of intensive semicontinuous cultures of Scenedesmus by biomass recirculation

Biotechnology and Bioengineering
J de la Noue, D Ní Eidhin

Abstract

The microscopic green alga, Scenedesmus obliquus, was used in a semicontinuous culture system for the tertiary treatment of urban wastewater, with the simultaneous production of usable biomass. Partial biomass recycling was used to increase the productivity of the system by overcoming the limits imposed by the low maximal growth rate of the alga. The biomass to be recycled was collected by simple gravity settling of the removed culture.The culture system was operated at different dilution rates and its productivity measured at each rate. An evaluation of the crude nutrient composition of the algae produced at each dilution rate was also carried out.The system was found to operate stably at dilution rates of up to 0.8 day(-1) which represents a 20% net increase over the maximum dilution rate allowed under the same conditions in a system without recirculation. The composition of the biomass produced varied little over a range of dilution rates, which may be of relevance to its projected end-use.The study indicated that such a system can exploit available light to the full and should be of particular value for the treatment of low-strength wastes such as we employed.

Related Concepts

Algae
Chlorophyta
Health Care Systems
Dilution Technique
Evaluation
Laboratory Culture
Scenedesmus
Acutodesmus obliquus
Study
Tertiary Healthcare

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.