PMID: 109428May 1, 1979

Improved procedure for the conjugation of rabbit IgG and Fab' antibodies with beta-D-galactosidase from Escherichia coli using N,N'-o-phenylenedimaleimide

Journal of Biochemistry
Y HamaguchiS Ohtaki


The procedures for the conjugation of rabbit IgG and Fab' antibodies with beta-D-galactosidase from Escherichia coli using N,N'-o-phenylenedimaleimide were improved in several respects as compared with the previous methods (Eur. J. Biochem. 62, 285--292, 1976; J. Immunol. 116, 1554--1560, 1976). Maleimide residues were efficiently introduced into antibodies under an atmosphere of nitrogen; the average number of maleimide residues introduced into IgG and Fab' antibodies were 0.78 (0.65--0.86) and 0.86 (0.80--0.95) per molecule, respectively. The conjugation with the enzyme was performed at 4 degrees C at pH 6.5 for 15 or more hours. The conjugates were almost completely separated from unreacted IgG and Fab' by gel filtration. When the recoveries of IgG, Fab', and beta-D-galactosidase in the conjugates were 23-29, 35-44, and 99%, respectively, the average numbers of IgG and Fab' molecules conjugated with the enzyme were 1.5-1.7 and 2.1-2.8 per molecule, respectively. There was no significant impairment of beta-D-galactosidase activity or the activity of anti-human IgG antibody to bind to human IgG upon conjugation. However, the conjugate preparation was heterogeneous, and one-third of each preparation consisted of aggregated conj...Continue Reading

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