Oct 25, 2011

Improving balance skills in patients who had stroke through virtual reality treadmill training

American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Saiwei YangJen-Suh Chern

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of virtual reality (VR) treadmill training on the balance skills of patients who have had a stroke. A total of 14 patients with strokes were recruited and randomly assigned to receive VR treadmill or traditional treadmill training. The outcome measures that were included for the study were center of pressure (COP) sway excursion, COP maximum sway in anterior-posterior direction, COP maximum sway in medial-lateral direction, COP sway area, bilateral limb-loading symmetric index, the sway excursion values for the paretic foot (sway excursion/P), paretic limb stance time (stance time/P), number of steps of the paretic limb (number of steps/P), and contact area of the paretic foot (contact A/P) during quiet stance, sit-to-stand transfer, and level walking. There were no significant improvements in COP-related measures and symmetric index during the quiet stance, either in the VR treadmill or traditional treadmill training group (P > 0.05). However, the difference between groups after training in COP maximum sway in medial-lateral direction during the quiet stance was significant (P = 0.038). Traditional treadmill training failed to improve sit-to-stand performance, whereas VR treadm...Continue Reading

  • References12
  • Citations44

References

Mentioned in this Paper

In Silico
Severity of Illness Index
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test
Limb Structure
Acute Cerebrovascular Accidents
Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal
Postural Balance
Cerebrovascular Accident
Lymphoma, Follicular
Virtual Systems

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