In-hospital outcomes with thrombolytic therapy in patients with renal dysfunction presenting with acute ischaemic stroke

Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation : Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association
Varun AgrawalPeter A McCullough

Abstract

Thrombolytic therapy is an effective treatment modality for acute ischaemic stroke within 3 hours of symptom onset. Its safety and efficacy have not been studied in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who are known to have abnormalities in coagulation and platelet function. We studied all patients who consecutively received intravenous thrombolytic therapy for acute stroke at our hospital from 2005-2009 (n = 74). Alteplase was administered to patients deemed eligible by National Institute of Health criteria per protocol. We studied associations between admission renal dysfunction [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60ml/min/1.73 m(2)] and in-hospital outcomes: intracranial haemorrhage (ICH), poor functional status (modified Rankin score 3-6) and death. Mean +/- SD age was 66.4 +/- 16.9 years with 39 (52.7%) men and 46 (62.2%) Caucasian. Twenty patients (27.0%) had eGFR <60 and were older, with a higher prevalence of diabetes and coronary artery disease than patients with eGFR > or =60. Presenting stroke severity, blood pressure and time to alteplase were similar in the two groups. Symptomatic ICH occurred in two patients with eGFR > or =60. Asymptomatic and symptomatic ICH considered together showed no differe...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Antithrombotic Agents
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Ischemia
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Actilyse
Retrospective Studies
Thrombolytic Therapy
Acute Cerebrovascular Accidents
Intracranial Thrombosis
Blood Pressure

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