Aug 24, 2019

In vitro and in vivoAreca catechu crude aqueous extract as an anthelmintic against Ascaridia galli infection in chickens

Veterinary World
Wida Wahidah MubarokahKurniasih Kurniasih

Abstract

Intestinal parasites cause severe diseases at poultry farms, especially in developing countries, including Indonesia. Infections cause significant decreases in productivity at poultry farms. Ascaridia galli is a common nematode found in chickens with a prevalence of up to 92%. This study evaluates the in vitro and in vivo effects of Areca catechu crude aqueous extract (AAE) as an anthelmintic against A. galli. In the in vitro study, already-infected slaughtered chickens were collected from local slaughterhouses in Yogyakarta. The chicken intestines were carefully examined and transported to the Parasitological Laboratory of Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta. A. galli was collected from the intestines and put into a Petri dish containing 0.62% saline solution. Sixty A. galli individuals were soaked in different concentrations of the AAE for 3-6 h. The number of deceased A. galli was recorded by ascertaining whether they had ceased movement using a stereo microscope. The morphological characteristics of the parasites were studied. The in vivo study used 40 female chickens that were 1.5 months old and infected with the eggs of A. galli. Approximately 3000 infective eggs were found in each chicken. There were four treatment groups...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ascaridia galli
Study
In Vivo
Ovum
EPGN protein, human
Cessation of Life
White Blood Cell Count Procedure
Acetylajmaline Esterase Activity
Candida galli
In Vitro Study

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