PMID: 7086436Aug 1, 1982Paper

In vitro changes in gamma-aminobutyric acid output from the cerebral cortex induced by inhibitors of gamma-aminobutyric acid uptake and metabolism

Journal of Neurochemistry
F MoroniG Pepeu

Abstract

The effects of inhibitors of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) metabolism or uptake on GABA output from the cerebral cortex was studied by means of a collecting cup placed on the exposed cortex of rats anaesthetized with urethane. GABA was identified and quantified by a mass-fragmentographic method. Ethanolamine-O-sulphate (10(-2) M) applied directly on the cerebral cortex caused a long-lasting twofold increase in GABA output, whereas DL-2,4-diaminobutyric acid (5 X 10(-3) M) caused a sevenfold increase and beta-alanine was active. The results indicate that glial uptake has little effect on GABA inactivation in the cerebral cortex. The inhibition of neuronal uptake seems a more effective tool to increase GABA concentration in the synaptic cleft, and consequently also in GABA output, than the inhibition of GABA metabolism.

References

Nov 1, 1976·The Journal of Physiology·R M Clark, G G Collins
Aug 1, 1976·Journal of Neurochemistry·J P Hammerstad, C R Lytle
May 1, 1975·Biochemical Pharmacology·L L Iversen, J S Kelly
Jan 1, 1971·The Journal of Physiology·L L IversenV Srinivasan
Nov 1, 1971·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·F A Henn, A Hamberger
Jun 1, 1981·Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology·F MoroniG Pepeu

Related Concepts

2,4-diaminobutyric acid, (R)-isomer
Ethanolamine O-sulfate
Aminobutyrates
Insula of Reil
Ethanolamines
Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid, Zinc Salt (2:1)
Chromatography, Gas-Liquid-Mass Spectrometry
Neuroglia
Neurons
August Rats

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.