Feb 1, 1976

In vitro inhibition of oxidative N-demethylation with carbon disulfide

W Kromer, K J Freundt


Earlier findings have shown that in experimental animals (rat) and in man inhaled carbon disulphide (CS2) reversibly inhibits the non-specific oxidative drug metabolism caused by hepatic microsomal enzymes. Very little is known concerning the underlying mechanism. The present investigations were undertaken to throw light on this question. After addition of an NADPH-regenerating system to liver microsomes isolated from adult female Wistar rats, the oxidative N-demethylation of aminopyrine was measured under simultaneous exposure to CS2 by quantitatively determining the formaldehyde obtained; the resulting data were evaluated using enzyme-kinetic parameters according to Lineweaver-Burk: 1. Following acute exposure to low and medium-grade CS2 concentrations (20-400 ppm/8 h), the pattern of inhibition in rat liver microsomes is identical to that obtained in normal liver microsomes to which CS2 had been added. This finding seems to suggest that the inhibitory process under in vivo and in vitro conditions is based on one and the same molecular mechanism. 2. Upon addition of CS2 the in vitro pattern of inhibition corresponds to a strong mixed-type inhibition. 3. It is concluded from the enzyme-kinetic behaviour that CS2 attacks at two...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

N Syndrome
Air Pollutants, Environmental
Microsomes, Liver
Enzyme Activity
Blood Enzyme Activity (Lab Test)

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