In vitro myocardial depression by ketamine or thiopental is dependent on the underlying beta-adrenergic tone

Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
T A Thurston, B P Mathew


Depression of myocardial contractility by muscarinic stimulation is dependent on the underlying beta-adrenergic tone. Prior beta-adrenergic stimulation enhances muscarinic negative inotropic responses, an effect that has been termed accentuated antagonism. The purpose of this study was to determine whether accentuated antagonism occurs with myocardial depression caused by thiopental or ketamine. Using an isolated, electrically stimulated rat left afrium model, the dose-response curves to the muscarinic agonist carbachol and the anesthetics ketamine and thiopental were compared under conditions of high (10(-6)M isoproterenol bath concentration) or low (10(-6)M propranolol) beta-adrenergic tone. As expected, depression by carbachol was accentuated in preparations stimulated with isoproterenol compared with atria treated with propranolol. The decrease in tension by high doses (> 400 muM thiopental, > 200 muM ketamine) of thiopental or ketamine was attenuated in isoproterenol-stimulated tissue when compared with beta-adrenergic blocked muscle. Low concentrations (200 muM thiopental, 100 muM ketamine) of anesthetic caused either no change in contractility (thiopental) or small positive inotropic responses (ketamine) in pro-pranolol-...Continue Reading


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