PMID: 591109Jan 1, 1977

In vitro responses of spleen cells from Trichinella spiralis-infected mice

International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology
J A Molinari, J L Ebersole

Abstract

The in vitro cellular immune responses of spleen cells from mice infected with Trichinella spiralis and immunized with BCG have been investigated. ICR/CD-1 mice were originally infected with 200 T. spiralis larvae 22 days prior to infection with 4 X 10(6) viable or heat-killed mycobacteria. Analysis of the splenic cell populations indicated that significant increases in adherent cells (macrophages) were noted only in groups previously infected with the nematode; the concentration of non-adherent cells (lymphocytes) did not vary insignificantly among any of the experimental groups. Assay of blast cell transformation and 3H-thymidine incorporation demonstrated the ability of T. spiralis infection to potentiate in vitro cellular immune reactions. These findings support earlier in vivo studies concerning nematode-induced immunopotentiation of delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions, and provide additional evidence that infection with this nematode enhances the immune capabilities of both stimulated lymphocytes and nonspecific phagocytic cells.

Related Concepts

BCG Vaccine
Leukocytes
Lymphocyte Activation
Mouse, Inbred ICRC
Spleen
Thymidine
Human Trichinellosis
PPD-L
Animal Lectins

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