Nov 15, 2019

In vitro study of interaction of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 10 and cyclophilin D and its potential implications for Alzheimer's disease

Scientific Reports
Erika HemmerováJiří Homola

Abstract

In early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyloid-β (Aβ) accumulates in neuronal mitochondria where it interacts with a number of biomolecules including 17beta-hydroxysteroide dehydrogenase 10 (17β-HSD10) and cyclophilin D (cypD). It has been hypothesized that 17β-HSD10 interacts with cypD preventing it from opening mitochondrial permeability transition pores and that its regulation during AD may be affected by the accumulation of Aβ. In this work, we demonstrate for the first time that 17β-HSD10 and cypD form a stable complex in vitro. Furthermore, we show that factors, such as pH, ionic environment and the presence of Aβ, affect the ability of 17β-HSD10 to bind cypD. We demonstrate that K+ and Mg2+ ions present at low levels may facilitate this binding. We also show that different fragments of Aβ (Aβ1-40 and Aβ1-42) affect the interaction between 17β-HSD10 and cypD differently and that Aβ1-42 (in contrast to Aβ1-40) is capable of simultaneously binding both 17β-HSD10 and cypD in a tri-complex.

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Mentioned in this Paper

PPIF
Regulation of Biological Process
Neurons
Environment
Ions
Alzheimer's Disease
FSIP1
In Vitro Study
Pharmacologic Substance
HSD17B10 protein, human

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