PMID: 10656158Feb 3, 2000

In vitro tests of 1,3-dithia-2-thioxo-cyclopent-4-ene to evaluate the mechanisms of its hepatoprotective action

The Journal of Toxicological Sciences
S SadanobuM Tezuka

Abstract

Some in vitro tests were performed using 1,3-dithia-2-thioxo-cyclopent-4-ene (DT827A) to evaluate its mode of action on hepatoprotection. Experiments with leucine, uridine and thymidine uptakes using L-132 cells showed no increase in leucine uptake, but did show a tendency toward increases in both uridine and thymidine uptakes, which suggested a stimulating effect on RNA and DNA synthesis in vitro. DT827A did not influence GSH levels in the HepG2 cultured cell system, and did not show inhibition of cytochrome P450 2El in microsomes obtained from mouse liver. There may be no possibility for DT827A to protect a liver injury through its influence on liver GSH levels and inhibiting metabolic activation of CCl4 in this in vitro system. However, the inhibitory effect of DT827A on lipid peroxidation was observed in vitro, the same as the observation in vivo. Furthermore, when DT827A was incubated with Alamar Blue in the presence of a mixture of mouse liver S9 and mitochondrial fractions for 20 hr, DT827A showed more reducibility than it did in a case of non-incubation, and it was suggested that DT827A would be metabolized in the S9-mitochondrial fraction in vitro to show an increase of Alamar Blue reducibility. The protective effect o...Continue Reading

Citations

Aug 24, 2010·Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology·Madhavan Shenbagam, Namasivayam Nalini
Nov 1, 2005·Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology·K G Nevin, P L Vijayammal
Aug 28, 2004·Phytomedicine : International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology·K H JanbazA H Gilani
May 30, 2017·Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine·Samah A El-NewaryE A Omer

Related Concepts

Alamar Blue
DT 827A
Carbon Tetrachloride
DNA, Double-Stranded
Organic Pigments
Reduced Glutathione
Heterocyclic Compounds, 1-Ring
Leucine
Liver
Microsomes, Liver

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