May 20, 2020

In Vivo Diffusion Tensor Imaging in Acute and Subacute Phases of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Rats

ENeuro
Isabel San Martín MolinaAlejandra Sierra

Abstract

Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is the most common form of TBI with 10-25% of the patients experiencing long-lasting symptoms. The potential of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) for evaluating microstructural damage after TBI is widely recognized, but the interpretation of DTI changes and their relationship with the underlying tissue damage is unclear. We studied how both axonal damage and gliosis contribute to DTI alterations after mTBI. We induced mTBI using the lateral fluid percussion (LFP) injury model in adult male Sprague Dawley rats and scanned them at 3 and 28 d post-mTBI. To characterize the DTI findings in the tissue, we assessed the histology by performing structure tensor (ST)-based analysis and cell counting on myelin-stained and Nissl-stained sections, respectively. In particular, we studied the contribution of two tissue components, myelinated axons and cellularity, to the DTI changes. Fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), and axial diffusivity (AD) were decreased in both white and gray matter areas in the acute phase post-mTBI, mainly at the primary lesion site. In the subacute phase, FA and AD were decreased in the white matter, external capsule, corpus callosum, and internal capsule. Our quantita...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Detected (Finding)
Evaluation
Corpus Callosum
Histology Procedure
External Capsule
Diffusion Tensor Imaging
Detection
Finding
Staining Method
Gliosis

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