Apr 10, 1976

In vivo inhibition of superoxide dismutase in mice by diethyldithiocarbamate

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
R E HeikkilaG Cohen


Superoxide dismutase was assayed by a method which takes advantage of the inhibitory action of superoxide dismutase (or tissues which contain superoxide dismutase) on the rate of autooxidation of 6-hydroxydopamine. Incubation of pure superoxide dismutase of homogenates of brain or liver with 10(-3) M diethyldithiocarbamate for 1.5 hours resulted in total loss of superoxide dismutase activity. Inhibition of superoxide dismutase was not reversed by dialysis, but after dialysis, enzymatic activity was restored with CuSO4. When 1.5 g of diethyldithiocarbamate/kg were injected into mice, the superoxide dismutase activity at 3 hours was decreased by 86%, 71%, and 48%, respectively, in whole blood, liver, and brain. A dose of 0.5 g of diethyldithiocarbamate/kg lowered the superoxide dismutase activity by 42% in liver at 3 hours. A study of the time course for inhibiton of superoxide dismutase in liver after 1.5 g of diethyldithiocarbamate/kg, showed a maximum decrease (81%) within 1 hour, with a slow return to 64% of normal by 24 hours. Inhibition of superoxide dismutase in vivo and in vitro was confirmed with other assay systems based on the autooxidation of pyrogallol or epinephrine or on reduction of cytochrome c or intro blue tetr...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Tissue Specificity
Ditiocarb, Tin(4+) Salt
Ag-Zn Superoxide Dismutase
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

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