Mar 29, 2020

In Vivo Localization of Deep Brain Implants in Mice

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
B. KiralyBalazs Hangya


Electrophysiology provides a direct readout of neuronal activity at a temporal precision only limited by the sampling rate. However, interrogating deep brain structures, implanting multiple targets or aiming at unusual angles still poses significant challenges even for expert operators, and errors are only discovered by post-hoc histological reconstruction. Here, we propose a method combining the high-resolution information about bone landmarks provided by micro-CT scanning with the soft tissue contrast of the MRI, which allowed us to precisely localize electrodes and optic fibers in mice in vivo. This enables arbitrating the success of implantation directly after surgery with a precision comparable to the gold standard histological reconstruction. Adjustment of the recording depth with electrode microdrives or early termination of unsuccessful experiments saves many working hours, while fast 3-dimensional feedback helps surgeons to avoid systematic errors. Increased aiming precision will allow more precise targeting of small or deep brain nuclei and multiple targeting of specific cortical layers.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Cellular Process
Unicellular Trichome Branch
Cognitive Complexity
Total Tissue
Anatomical Space Structure
Cell Budding

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