Oct 1, 1989

In vivo modulation of CD1 and MHC class II expression by sheep afferent lymph dendritic cells. Comparison of primary and secondary immune responses

The Journal of Experimental Medicine
J HopkinsI McConnell


The experiments described in this article characterize the phenotypic and functional changes in afferent lymph cell populations that occur as a result of in vivo immune stimulation. During the primary immune response (in antigen-naive sheep) there are very transient increases in level of CD1 expression by subpopulations of dendritic cells (DC) but no alterations in cell kinetics or MHC class II expression. In contrast, secondary antigenic challenge (in primed sheep) into the drainage area of an afferent lymphatic causes profound changes in the cell output, characterized by a greater than threefold drop in total cell output on days 1-3 followed by an approximate fivefold rise on day 5. There is also a substantial increase in both the proportion of MHC class II-positive T lymphocytes (from 28 to 54%) and in the quantitative expression of class II by both DC and lymphocytes. Class II expression by DC increases five- to sixfold by day 5, while the level of expression of class II on lymphocytes approximately doubles. The increase in CD1 expression during the secondary response is more prolonged than during the primary response, being detectable between days 2 and 6 after challenge. The rise in class II affects the whole DC populatio...Continue Reading

  • References27
  • Citations31

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Flow Cytometry
Antigen-Presenting Cells
Dall Sheep
Lymphocyte Activation
Immune-Associated Antigens
Differentiation Antigens, Hairy Cell Leukemia
Veiled Cells

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
B M Dutia, J Hopkins
Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
J Hopkins, B M Dutia
Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
S M RhindJ Hopkins
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved