Mar 11, 2016

In vivo protection studies of bis-quaternary 2-(hydroxyimino)- N-(pyridin-3-yl) acetamide derivatives against sarin poisoning in mice

Human & Experimental Toxicology
D SwamiPravin Kumar

Abstract

In vivo antidotal efficacy of new bis- quaternary 2-(hydroxyimino)- N-(pyridin-3yl) acetamide derivatives (HNK series), to counter multiples of lethal doses of nerve agent sarin (GB) and reactivation of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), was evaluated in Swiss albino mice. [Protection index PI; median lethal dose (LD50) of sarin with treatment/LD50 of sarin] was estimated, using 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20 LD50 as treatment doses of all the oximes with atropine against sarin poisoning. Dose-dependent time course study was conducted at 0.2, 0.4 and 0.8 LD50 dose of sarin for estimating maximum AChE inhibition. At optimized time (15 min), in vivo enzyme half inhibition concentration (IC50) was calculated. AChE reactivation efficacy of HNK series and pralidoxime (2-PAM) were determined by plotting shift of log IC50 doses. HNK-102 with atropine showed three fold higher PI compared to 2-PAM. In vivo IC50 of sarin for brain and serum AChE was found to be 0.87 LD50 (139.2 µg/kg) and 0.48 LD50 (77.23 µg/kg), respectively. Treatment with HNK-102 and HNK-111 (equal to their 0.20LD50) significantly reactivated sarin-intoxicated AChE ( p < 0.05) at 2× IC50 dose of sarin, compared to 2-PAM. The study revealed that HNK-102 oxime was three times more pote...Continue Reading

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References

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
In Vivo
Derivatives
Oximes
Brain
ACHE
Atropine
BAG3
Atropinum, atropine
Poisoning Aspects

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