PMID: 5900219Jan 1, 1966

In vivo studies on pathways for the biosynthesis of lecithin in the rat.

Journal of Lipid Research
P Bjørnstad, J Bremer

Abstract

The in vivo biosynthesis of lecithin in rats has been studied with the precursors choline-1,2-(14)C, ethanolamine-1,2-(14)C and methionine-CH(3)-(14)C or -CH(3)-(3)H. Lecithin synthesis from choline is rapid in all organs. No sex difference was observed in this pathway. The biosynthesis of lecithin by methylation of phosphatidyl ethanolamine is of quantitative significance in the liver, but not in extrahepatic tissues. More lecithin is synthesized by this pathway in female rats. In liver the lecithin synthesized via both pathways enters a common pool which is in rapid equilibrium with lecithin of blood plasma. A sex difference in the utilization of radioactive ethanolamine for the formation of phosphatidyl ethanolamine was observed (greater utilization in the female). Incorporation of ethanolamine into phospholipids of extrahepatic tissues was slow in both sexes. With labeled methionine as precursor the liver cytidine diphosphate (CDP) choline had a specific activity identical with that of liver lecithin after 20 min, while the specific activity of phosphoryl choline remained low. With labeled choline as precursor the phosphoryl choline reached a specific activity 50 times that of lecithin after 20 min, while the specific activ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Ethanol
Amines
Metazoa
Blood
Choline Hydroxide
Cytosine Nucleotides
Ghee
Females
Intestines, Small
Kidney

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