PMID: 6246709May 1, 1980

Inactivated poliovaccine: adverse reactions and antibody responses

Acta paediatrica Scandinavica
O RuuskanenK Lapinleimu

Abstract

Adverse reactions and antbody responses after inactivated poliovaccine were studied in 380 children. Fever reaction (greater than or equal to 37.5 degree C rectally) was recorded in 14% of children after the first poliovirus vaccination and in 19% after the second. Restlessness was reported in 15% and 14% of the chidren. Fever reaction exceeding 38.5 degree C was seen in 5% of the vaccines. Before the first vaccination at the age of six month 29% of the 48 children had antibodies against poliovirus type 1 and 2 and 43% against type 3. The first vaccination induced no significant changes in antibody titers. After the second vaccination antibody responses were low and 35%, 9%, and 35% remained seronegative to types 1, 2 and 3, respectively. After the third vaccination at the age of two years the respective geometric mean titers were 1:67, 1:335 and 1:48. No measurable antibodies were found to type 1 in 23%, to type 2 in 2%, and to type 3 in 10%. Only one child was triplenegative. All seronegative children were revaccinated and in all vaccinees a seroconversion ocurred two weeks after the booster dose. The combination of inactivated poliovaccine to DPT (Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis) vaccine induced no significant change in polio...Continue Reading

References

Aug 4, 1977·The New England Journal of Medicine·E O Nightingale
Oct 21, 2000·Lancet·J Barker, J Millard

Related Concepts

Antibodies, Viral
Diphtheria toxoid vaccine, inactivated
Fever
Pertussis Vaccine
Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated
Akathisia
Tetanus Vaccine
Human poliovirus 3

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