Jun 29, 1976

Inactivation of bovine liver 2-keto-4-hydroxyglutarate aldolase by cyanide in the presence of aldehydes

Biochemistry
B A Hansen, E E Dekker

Abstract

Kinetic data show that the irreversible inactivation of liver 2-keto-4-hydroxyglutarate aldolase observed when the enzyme is incubated with an aldehydic substrate (or substrate analogue) in the presence of cyanide is a biphasic process and can, under certain conditions, involve a direct interaction between the enzyme and cyanide. The kinetic data are consistent with a scheme consisting of three competing reactions: (1) irreversible addition of cyanide to the enzyme-substrate Schiff base intermediate, (2) reversible cyanohydrin formation between cyanide and the aldehydic substrate (or substrate analogue), and (3) an interaction of cyanide with the enzyme which is not substrate dependent. Approximately 0.4 mol of cyanide is associated with 1 mol (120 000 g) of enzyme when 2-keto-4-hydroxyglutarate aldolase is incubated with [14-C]-cyanide followed by exhaustive dialysis; an ionic attachment possibly at a carboxylate binding site, is suggested. Whereas native enzyme, not treated with cyanide, has ten Nbs2-titratable sulfhydryl groups, approximately one less such group reacts with Nbs2 when the aldolase is incubated with cyanide (in the absence of aldehydic substrate). It is suggested that the binding of cyanide results in a confor...Continue Reading

  • References7
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Analog
Isocyanides
Bos taurus
Macromolecular Alteration
Sulfhydryl Compounds
4-Hydroxy-2-oxoglutarate aldolase
Ketoglutaric Acids
Ligand Binding Domain
Aldehydes
Carboxylate

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.