Oct 17, 2018

Inactivation of the Monofunctional Peptidoglycan Glycosyltransferase SgtB Allows Staphylococcus aureus To Survive in the Absence of Lipoteichoic Acid

Journal of Bacteriology
Eleni KarinouAngelika Gründling

Abstract

The cell wall of Staphylococcus aureus is composed of peptidoglycan and the anionic polymers lipoteichoic acid (LTA) and wall teichoic acid. LTA is required for growth and normal cell morphology in S. aureus Strains lacking LTA are usually viable only when grown under osmotically stabilizing conditions or after the acquisition of compensatory mutations. LTA-negative suppressor strains with inactivating mutations in gdpP, which resulted in increased intracellular c-di-AMP levels, were described previously. Here, we sought to identify factors other than c-di-AMP that allow S. aureus to survive without LTA. LTA-negative strains able to grow in unsupplemented medium were obtained and found to contain mutations in sgtB, mazE, clpX, or vraT The growth improvement through mutations in mazE and sgtB was confirmed by complementation analysis. We also showed that an S. aureussgtB transposon mutant, with the monofunctional peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase SgtB inactivated, displayed a 4-fold increase in the MIC of oxacillin, suggesting that alterations in the peptidoglycan structure could help bacteria compensate for the lack of LTA. Muropeptide analysis of peptidoglycans isolated from a wild-type strain and sgtB mutant strain did not re...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Gram-Positive Bacteria
Peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase
Antibiotic throat preparations
Pathogenic Organism
Osmolarity Measurement
Protoplasm
Antifungal Antibiotics, Topical
LTA gene
Thylacodes aureus
Environment

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