PMID: 7085453Apr 1, 1982Paper

Inadequate skin preparation as a cause of intravenous catheter-related infection in the dog

Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
C F Burrows

Abstract

Eight-eight dogs admitted to the intensive care unit of the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine were studied to determine the frequency of intravenous catheter-related infection. Dogs were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups. In group 2, the skin was scrubbed with an iodine soap before final rinsing with alcohol and tincture of iodine. After withdrawal of each catheter, its tip was examined by bacteriologic culture, and the limb was examined for signs of phlebitis. Bacteria were isolated from 24 (48.9%) catheter tips in group 1 and from 6 (15.4%) in group 2 (P less than 0.005). Phlebitis was evident in 6 dogs in group 1, and in 1 dog in group 2. One death occurred in group 1, from causes possibly associated with catheter infection. These data suggest that catheter-related infection may be wide-spread in the dog and that it can be reduced by meticulous skin preparation.

Related Concepts

Bacterial Infections
Catheterization
Implantable Catheters
Dog Diseases
Canis familiaris
Iatrogenic Disease
Phlebitis
Skin
Veins
Pyemia

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