PMID: 8863355Jan 1, 1996Paper

Incidence and prognosis of meningitis due to Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis in Sweden

Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
S BergK Strangert

Abstract

The incidence, concomitant conditions and case fatality rate of Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) and pneumococcal meningitis and of invasive meningococcal infections were studied retrospectively in Sweden (population 8.4 million) for the years 1987-89, the period before vaccination against Hi type b started. A total of 1,019 cases with culture-verified infection were found. The incidence rates per 100,000 per year were 1.8 for Hi meningitis, 1.2 for pneumococcal meningitis and 1.0 for invasive meningococcal infections. The age-specific incidence was highest in the 3-23 months age group for the 3 bacterial species. Pneumococcal meningitis was common in individuals > or = 60 years and meningococcal infections in the age-group 10-24 years. A serious concomitant condition was known in 57% of all patients with pneumococcal meningitis while this was uncommon for the other organisms. The case fatality rate was 2% for Hi meningitis, 24% for pneumococcal meningitis and 10% for meningococcal infections. All 81 pneumococcal isolates which had been serotyped belonged to serotypes in the 23-valent pneumococcal vaccine. Of the meningococcal isolates, 65% belonged to serogroup B. In conclusion, the high incidence of Hib meningitis justifies genera...Continue Reading

References

Jan 1, 1991·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·S SamuelssonT Rønne
Jan 1, 1990·Reviews of Infectious Diseases·J P BryanW M Scheld
Apr 1, 1990·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·G L GilbertS J Broughton
Dec 1, 1987·Archives of Disease in Childhood·B TrollforsJ Taranger
Jan 1, 1987·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·K M SalwénP Olcén
Mar 1, 1985·Reviews of Infectious Diseases·L A BurmanB Trollfors
Sep 1, 1974·Archives of Internal Medicine·M A MufsonW I Metzger
Jan 1, 1983·Reviews of Infectious Diseases·H Peltola
Jan 1, 1984·Pediatric Infectious Disease·B ClaessonU Rosenhall
May 29, 1982·British Medical Journal·H PeltolaI Kallings
Feb 25, 1983·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·E W HookD R Schaberg
Jul 1, 1983·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·R M DouglasD J Hansman
Jan 1, 1994·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·B Trollfors
Jun 1, 1993·Archives of Disease in Childhood·H M Fortnum, A C Davis
Jan 7, 1993·The New England Journal of Medicine·M L DurandM N Swartz

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Aug 6, 1998·International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology·S HugossonP Olcén
Sep 2, 1999·Infectious Disease Clinics of North America·R Gold
Sep 16, 2000·Microbial Drug Resistance : MDR : Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease·A SkoczyńskaW Hryniewicz
Sep 28, 2002·Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition·Josef SýkoraHonomichl Petr
Oct 22, 1998·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·H Peltola
Jul 9, 2010·Clinical Microbiology Reviews·Matthijs C BrouwerDiederik van de Beek
Mar 5, 2002·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·Marc AuburtinMichel Wolff
Dec 25, 2010·Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders·Olaf Hoffman, R Joerg Weber
Jan 6, 2005·Drugs·Jolanta Bernatoniene, Adam Finn
May 28, 2011·Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica·M EdbergP Enblad
Jan 1, 1996·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·S BergC Carenfelt
Oct 24, 2001·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·M S DahlA Rosengren
Feb 24, 2001·Acta Paediatrica. Supplement·M ErikssonK Ekdahl

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Related Feeds

Bacterial Meningitis

Bacterial meningitis continues to be an important cause of mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Here is the latest research.

Bacterial Pneumonia

Bacterial pneumonia is a prevalent and costly infection that is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients of all ages. Here is the latest research.

Bacterial Pneumonia (ASM)

Bacterial pneumonia is a prevalent and costly infection that is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients of all ages. Here is the latest research.

Bacterial Meningitis (ASM)

Bacterial meningitis continues to be an important cause of mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Here is the latest research.

Alcohol Use Disorder

Alcohol use disorder involves a pattern of alcohol consumption that includes compulsive use and a loss of control over intake of alcohol. The impact on physical health, socioeconomic factors, and psychiatric health is profound. Find the latest research on alcohol use disorder here.