Incidence, obstetric risk factors and pregnancy outcome of preterm placental abruption: a retrospective analysis

The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
E SheinerM Mazor

Abstract

To determine obstetric risk factors for the occurrence of preterm placental abruption and to investigate its subsequent perinatal outcome. A retrospective comparison of all singleton preterm deliveries complicated with placental abruption, between the years 1990-1998, to all singleton preterm deliveries without placental abruption, in the Soroka University Medical Center. Placental abruption complicated 300 (5.1%) of all preterm deliveries (n = 5934). A backstep multivariable analysis found the following factors to be independently correlated with the occurrence of preterm placental abruption: grandmultiparity (more than five deliveries), early gestational age, severe pregnancy-induced hypertension, previous second-trimester bleeding and non-vertex presentation. These pregnancies had a significantly lower rate of preterm premature rupture of membranes than preterm pregnancies without placental abruption. Pregnancies complicated with preterm placental abruption had significantly higher rates of cord prolapse, non-reassuring fetal heart rate patterns, congenital malformations, Cesarean deliveries, perinatal mortality, Apgar scores lower than 7 at 5 min, postpartum anemia and delayed discharge from the hospital than did preterm de...Continue Reading

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