Incidence of biopsy-proven primary glomerulonephritis in an Italian province

American Journal of Kidney Diseases : the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
P StrattaA Vercellone

Abstract

Between January 1, 1970, and December 31, 1994, 1,926 cases of biopsy-proven primary glomerulonephritis (PGN) were diagnosed in an adult population (> 15 years of age) in a northwestern region of Italy with approximately 3.5 million inhabitants. The principal long-term changes were an increase in the absolute number of biopsies per year, an increase in the mean age of patients undergoing biopsy (from 29.3 +/- 12.2 years to 47.0 +/- 17.8 years), an increase in the percentage of patients older than 65 years (from 1.7% to 20.4%), and an increase in the percentage of isolated urinary abnormalities as an indication for biopsy (from 3.5% to 29.6%). In the total biopsy material, immunoglobulin A glomerulonephritis (IgA-GN) is the most frequent type (26%), followed by membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN; 20%). An incidence study was begun in 1990; this survey was restricted to the population of the province of Torino (approximately 2 million inhabitants) as only this area completely refers to the nephrologic centers that entered patients into this study. The overall incidence of PGN is 4.68 new cases/yr/10(5) population with a predominance of males (> 2:1); IgA-GN is the most common type (1.47/yr/10(5) population [34.5%]) in the overall...Continue Reading

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