Incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with cardiovascular disease: buffered aspirin versus enteric-coated aspirin

Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Yoshikazu HirataTakashi Joh


Aspirin-induced enteropathy is increasing, but whether the type of aspirin affects the gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, especially small intestine, is unclear. The incidence of GI bleeding for buffered aspirin and enteric-coated aspirin was evaluated in patients receiving long-term low-dose aspirin (LDA) for cardiovascular (CV) diseases. This retrospective cohort study assessed overt GI bleeding, decreased hemoglobin levels suspecting small bowel blood loss, and CV death in patients taking LDA for more than 1 year (LDA group) and in patients not taking LDA (control group). The LDA group was divided into two subgroups, patients taking either buffered aspirin (buffered subgroup) or enteric-coated aspirin (enteric subgroup), and their outcomes were compared. A total of 1402 patients (LDA group 701, control group 701; median follow-up duration 1778 ± 747 days) were assessed. The incidences of overt GI bleeding and decreased hemoglobin were 3.9% and 1.4% in LDA group, respectively, significantly higher than the control group (p < 0.01; p < 0.01). In the LDA group, 3% died during the follow-up period. Ten (3.7%) in the buffered subgroup (n = 267) and 17 (3.9%) in the enteric subgroup (n = 434) developed GI bleeding (p = 0.92). One (0....Continue Reading


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