Aug 7, 2003

Incomplete activation of CD4 T cells by antigen-presenting transitional immature B cells: implications for peripheral B and T cell responsiveness

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
James B ChungJohn G Monroe


B cells leave the bone marrow as transitional B cells. Transitional B cells represent a target of negative selection and peripheral tolerance, both of which are abrogated in vitro by mediators of T cell help. In vitro, transitional and mature B cells differ in their responses to B cell receptor ligation. Whereas mature B cells up-regulate the T cell costimulatory molecule CD86 (B7.2) and are activated, transitional B cells do not and undergo apoptosis. The ability of transitional B cells to process and present Ag to CD4 T cells and to elicit protective signals in the absence of CD86 up-regulation was investigated. We report that transitional B cells can process and present Ag as peptide:MHC class II complexes. However, their ability to activate T cells and elicit help signals from CD4-expressing Th cells was compromised compared with mature B cells, unless exogenous T cell costimulation was provided. A stringent requirement for CD28 costimulation was not evident in interactions between transitional B cells and preactivated CD4-expressing T cells, indicating that T cells involved in vivo in an ongoing immune response might rescue Ag-specific transitional B cells from negative selection. These data suggest that during an immune r...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

5-(6)-carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester
Pathologic Cytolysis
Mice, Inbred CBA
Immune Response
Flow Cytometry
ITGB2 wt Allele
Biochemical Pathway
CD86 gene
Clonal Anergy

About this Paper

Related Feeds


Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis

B cell Tolerance

B cell tolerance is maintained through mechanisms that can reversibly or irreversibly silence autoreactive B lymphocytes. Here is the latest research.