PMID: 7210021Jan 1, 1980Paper

Incorporation of saturated and cis- and trans-unsaturated long chain fatty acids in rat myocytes and increased susceptibility to arrhythmias

D G Wenzel, J W Kleoppel


Neonatal rat heart myocytes cultured for 3 days in fatty acid-enriched (5 X 10(5) M stearate, oleate, elaidate, linoleate, linoelaidate or arachidonate at a 3 : 1, fatty acid (FA/albumin ratio) were analyzed by high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) for the FA content of their neutral lipid, glyco-cardiolipid and phospholipid fractions and were tested for their susceptibility to arrhythmias produced by hypoxic/normoxic medium changes. Increases in the relative amount of FA in the above lipid fractions were generally in the order: elaidate = linoelaidate greater than linoleate = arachidonate greater than stearate = oleate. Cell morphology was unaffected by such treatment, but the cultures were more susceptible to induced arrhythmias. Cultures enriched with trans-FA, elaidate or linoelaidate, became markedly arrhythmic; arrhythmias in stearate-enriched cultures were of short duration; whereas the other FA produced intermediate increases. Susceptibility to arrhythmias could not be correlated with polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA/saturated fatty acid (SATFA) ratios of FA in the phospholipid fraction.


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