PMID: 7305982Jan 15, 1981Paper

Increased activity of phosphate-dependent glutaminase in liver mitochondria as a result of glucagon treatment of rats

The Biochemical Journal
J LaceyJ D McGivan


1. Injection of rats with glucagon leads to an increased effective activity of glutaminase in subsequently isolated liver mitochondria. 2. This effect of glucagon is manifested as a decreased requirement of glutaminase for phosphate in the presence of HCO3-. The HCO3--concentration-dependence is unchanged. 3. The effect of glucagon is lost on disruption of the mitochondria. 4. In accordance with previous reports, incubation of mitochondria in hypo-osmotic media also increases the effective activity of glutaminase. Glucagon increases glutamine hydrolysis at intermediate osmolarities of the suspending medium, but does not affect glutaminase activity when it is already maximally activated by hypo-osmotic conditions. 5. From this and previous work, it seems that hypo-osmotic incubation conditions, EDTA and glucagon may all activate glutaminase by a common mechanism. It is postulated that this mechanism involves modification of the interaction of glutaminase with the mitochondrial inner membrane.


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