DOI: 10.1101/464131Nov 7, 2018Paper

Increased association between Epstein-Barr virus EBNA2 from type 2 strains and the transcriptional repressor BS69 restricts B cell growth

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
R. PonnusamyMichelle J West


Natural variation separates Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) into type 1 and type 2 strains. Type 2 EBV is less transforming in vitro due to sequence differences in the EBV transcription factor EBNA2. This correlates with reduced activation of the EBV oncogene LMP1 and some cell genes. Transcriptional activation by type 1 EBNA2 can be suppressed through the binding of two PXLXP motifs in its transactivation domain (TAD) to the dimeric coiled-coil MYND domain (CC-MYND) of the BS69 repressor protein (ZMYND11). We identified a third conserved PXLXP motif in type 2 EBNA2. We found that type 2 EBNA2 peptides containing this motif bound BS69CC-MYND efficiently and that the type 2 EBNA2TAD bound an additional BS69CC-MYND molecule. Full-length type 2 EBNA2 also bound BS69 more efficiently in pull-down assays. Molecular weight analysis and low-resolution structures obtained using small-angle X-ray scattering showed that three BS69CC-MYND dimers bound two molecules of type 2 EBNA2TAD, in line with the dimeric state of full-length EBNA2 in vivo. Importantly, mutation of the third BS69 binding motif in type 2 EBNA2 improved B-cell growth maintenance. Our data indicate that increased association with BS69 restricts growth promotion by EBNA2 and may...Continue Reading

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