Increased brain hemopexin levels improve outcomes after intracerebral hemorrhage
Following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), extracellular heme precipitates secondary brain injury, which results in irreversible brain damage and enduring neurological deficits. Hemopexin (Hpx) is an endogenous protein responsible for scavenging heme, thereby modulating its intrinsic proxidant/proinflammatory properties. Although Hpx is present in the brain, the endogenous levels are insufficient to combat the massive heme overload following ICH. We hypothesized that increasing brain Hpx levels would improve ICH outcomes. Unique recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors were designed to specifically overexpress Hpx within the mouse brain. Western blotting, ELISA, and immunohistochemistry of brain homogenates/sections, CSF, and serum were performed. As compared to controls, Hpx mice have increased Hpx protein levels in all three types of biospecimens evaluated, which results in 45.6 ± 6.9% smaller lesions and improved functional recovery after ICH (n=14-19/group, p < 0.05). Local mechanistic analyses show significantly less tissue injury, trends toward smaller hematoma volumes, unchanged heme oxygenase 1 and iron levels, and significantly increased microgliosis and decreased astrogliosis and lipid peroxidation. Peripheral levels...Continue Reading
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CSF & Lymphatic System
This feed focuses on Cerebral Spinal Fluid (CSF) and the lymphatic system. Discover the latest papers using imaging techniques to track CSF outflow into the lymphatic system in animal models.
Brain Injury & Trauma
brain injury after impact to the head is due to both immediate mechanical effects and delayed responses of neural tissues.