Increased membrane transport of 2-deoxyglucose and 3-O-methylglucose is an early event in the transformation of chick embryo fibroblasts by Rous sarcoma virus

Journal of Cellular Physiology
D R Lang, M Weber


Transformation of chicken embryo fibroblasts with Rous sarcoma virus results in cells with an enhanced rate of hexose uptake. We have examined transport of the glucose analogs 2-deoxyglucose and 3-O-methylglucose in cells infected with a temperature sensitive variant of the virus. In cells shifted from restrictive to permissive conditions for transformation, increased transport of the non-phosphorylatable analog 3-O-methylglucose occurs at the same time as that of 2-deoxyglucose, a phosphorylatable analog. This enhanced rate of transport can be observed within three hours of the temperature shift. There is a corresponding decrease in the transport rate of both analogs following shift to the restrictive temperature. These results suggest that increased transport is likely to be the primary event in causing transformation-specific changes in sugar metabolism. We have also examined uptake into the internal pools of both the phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated forms of 2-deoxyglucose in normal cells and in cells transformed by the wild-type virus. These data indicate a corresponding increase in the rate of accumulation of the free sugar in transformed cells and point to transport as the rate limiting step in the accumulation of 2...Continue Reading


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