Increased Resistance of SARS-CoV-2 Variants B.1.351 and B.1.1.7 to Antibody Neutralization.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Pengfei WangDavid D Ho

Abstract

The Covid-19 pandemic has ravaged the globe, and its causative agent, SARS-CoV-2, continues to rage. Prospects of ending this pandemic rest on the development of effective interventions. Single and combination monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapeutics have received emergency use authorization 1,2 , with more in the pipeline 3-6 . Furthermore, multiple vaccine constructs have shown promise 7 , including two with ~95% protective efficacy against Covid-19 8,9 . However, these interventions were directed toward the initial SARS-CoV-2 that emerged in 2019. Considerable viral evolution has occurred since, including variants with a D614G mutation 10 that have become dominant. Viruses with this mutation alone do not appear to be antigenically distinct, however 11 . Recent emergence of new SARS-CoV-2 variants B.1.1.7 in the UK 12 and B.1.351 in South Africa 13 is of concern because of their purported ease of transmission and extensive mutations in the spike protein. We now report that B.1.1.7 is refractory to neutralization by most mAbs to the N-terminal domain (NTD) of spike and relatively resistant to a number of mAbs to the receptor-binding domain (RBD). It is modestly more resistant to convalescent plasma (~3 fold) and vaccinee sera (~...Continue Reading

Citations

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