PMID: 8399870Aug 1, 1993Paper

Increased risk of meningitis and bacteremia due to Listeria monocytogenes in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection

Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
R L JuradoD S Stephens

Abstract

The incidence, demographics, and clinical outcome of infections due to Listeria monocytogenes in individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were evaluated by prospective population-based surveillance. During a 2-year study period, 37 cases of invasive listeriosis occurred in metropolitan Atlanta (annual incidence, 0.8 case per 100,000 population). Seven of these cases occurred in known HIV-infected individuals (19% of all cases); five had an AIDS-defining illness, and the other two had CD4 lymphocyte cell counts of < 200/microL. The estimated incidence of listeriosis among HIV-infected patients in metropolitan Atlanta was 52 cases per 100,000 patients per year, and among patients with AIDS it was 115 cases per 100,000 patients per year, rates 65-145 times higher than those among the general population. HIV-associated cases occurred in adults who were 29-62 years of age and in postnatal infants who were 2 and 6 months of age. Mortality among the HIV-infected group was 29%. L. monocytogenes serotypes 1/2a, 1/2b, and 4b were isolated from the HIV-infected patients. L. monocytogenes is an important opportunistic pathogen in HIV-infected patients.

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