Increased sympathetic modulation and decreased response of the heart rate variability in controlled asthma

The Journal of Asthma : Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Adriana Sanches Garcia-AraújoAudrey Borghi-Silva

Abstract

To compare the autonomic modulation of heart rate (HR) in asthmatic and healthy volunteers to correlate it with the forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1). Ten healthy and 14 asthmatic volunteers were included in this cross-sectional study. The volunteers underwent a cardiopulmonary exercise test, spirometry and a register of both resting heart rate variability (HRV) in the supine and seated positions along with HRV during the respiratory sinus arrhythmia maneuver (M-RSA). At rest in supine, asthmatic volunteers presented a higher HR (77.1 ± 9.9 vs. 68.7 ± 8.7 bpm), shorter interval between two R waves (R-Ri) (807.5 ± 107.2 vs. 887.5 ± 112.7 ms) when compared with the healthy volunteers, respectively. Moreover, in the frequency domain of HRV, there was increased low frequency (LF) index (50.4 ± 17.1 vs. 29.2 ± 11.1 n.u.) and decreased high frequency (HF) index (49.4 ± 17.1 vs. 70.7 ± 11.1 n.u.). During the M-RSA, the asthmatic presented higher HR (82.6 ± 10.0 vs. 72.4 ± 7.6 bpm) and lower values of R-Ri (746.4 ± 92.1 vs. 846.4 ± 81.4 ms) and approximate entropy (ApEn) (0.7 ± 0.0 vs. 0.8 ± 0.1). FEV1 was strongly correlated with the change of the continuous beat-to-beat variability of HR (SD2) index from the seated ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Asthma
Autonomic Nervous System
Prevalence Studies
Forced Expiratory Volume Function
Pulse Rate
Spirometry
Airway Obstruction
Cross-Sectional Studies
Heart
Heart Rate

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