Increasing P(50) does not improve DO(2CRIT) or systemic VO(2) in severe anemia

American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
O EichelbrönnerI H Chin-Yee


Reducing the hemolobin (Hb)-O(2) binding affinity facilitates O(2) unloading from Hb, potentially increasing tissue mitochondrial O(2) availability. We hypothesized that a reduction of Hb-O(2) affinity would increase O(2) extraction when tissues are O(2) supply dependent, reducing the threshold of critical O(2) delivery (DO(2 CRIT)). We investigated the effects of increased O(2) tension at which Hb is 50% saturated (P(50)) on systemic O(2) uptake (VO(2) (SYS)), DO(2 CRIT), lactate production, and acid-base balance during isovolemic hemodilution in conscious rats. After infusion of RSR13, an allosteric modifier of Hb, P(50) increased from 36.6 +/- 0.3 to 48.3 +/- 0.6 but remained unchanged at 35.4 +/- 0.8 mmHg after saline (control, CON). Arterial O(2) saturations were equivalent between RSR13 and saline groups, but venous PO(2) was higher and venous O(2) saturation was lower after RSR13. Convective O(2) delivery progressively declined during hemodilution reaching the DO(2 CRIT) at 3.4 +/- 0.8 ml x min(-1) x 100 g(-1) (CON) and 3.6 +/- 0.6 ml x min(-1) x 100 g(-1) (RSR13). At Hb of 8.1 g/l VO(2) (SYS) started to decrease (CON: 1.9 +/- 0.1; RSR13: 1.8 +/- 0.2 ml x min(-1) x 100 g(-1)) and fell to 0.8 +/- 0.2 (CON) and 0.7 +/- 0.2...Continue Reading


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