Jun 24, 2008

Increasing severity of status asthmaticus in an urban medical intensive care unit

Journal of Hospital Medicine : an Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Dany ElsayeghJ M Shapiro

Abstract

Life-threatening status asthmaticus (SA) requiring intensive care is a major concern given the rising prevalence of asthma. We examined episodes of SA requiring admission to the medical intensive care unit (MICU) of an urban hospital center. The charts of patients admitted to the MICU of an urban hospital center with a diagnosis of SA during the 5-year period 2002-2006 were reviewed retrospectively. These results were compared with those of a previously published experience at our institution from 1995 to 1999. The medical records of 84 MICU admissions for SA were reviewed. There were 61 women (5 pregnant). The mean age was 44 years. Use of cigarettes or illicit drugs was found in 51% and 30%, respectively. Mechanical ventilation (MV) was required in 76% of admissions. Noninvasive ventilation was used in 10 patients. Neuromuscular blockade (NMB) was needed in 9% of admissions. The highest average PaCO2 during the first 24 hours was 67 mm Hg. Median duration of MV was 4.4 days. Six patients died, 3 of whom sustained prehospital cardiac arrest. Compared with the patients in the preceding 5-year period, the more recent patients had greater use of illicit drug and cigarettes. Patients presented with more severe asthma, as reflected...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Neuromuscular Inhibition
Severity of Illness Index
Observation of Neuromuscular Block
Acidosis, Respiratory
Intensive Care Unit
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Specialty Type - Intensive Care
Ventilation, Function (Observable Entity)
Respiration
Mechanical Ventilation

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