Incremental Shuttle Walk Distance as an Indicator for Functional Exercise Capacity of Pre-Surgical Patients with Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease

The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Yuki KuroyamaHideaki Senjyu

Abstract

The incidence of nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease (NTMLD) is increasing worldwide, the number of lung surgeries is increasing accordingly. The disease is progressive and is characterized by exertional intolerance, respiratory dysfunctions, and impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Treatment comprises multidrug antibiotic treatment combined with lung resection. The incremental shuttle walk distance (ISWD) is a standard tool for assessing the patients' tolerance to lung resection. The exertional tolerance, physical functions and HRQOL among pre-surgical patients with NTMLD are clinically important, but not fully studied yet from the viewpoint of physiotherapy. The purpose of this study was to explore the clinical significance of ISWD for assessing the exercise capacity of pre-surgical patients with NTMLD. For peripheral muscle evaluation, the strength of the quadriceps femoris muscle was measured. HRQOL was evaluated using scores of the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Thirty-three patients (mean age 54.9 ± 13 years) were enrolled. The mean ISWD was 505 ± 134 m, shorter than the reference values (ISWD %predicted: 96 ± 27%). Regression analysis showed significant associations between ISWD and perc...Continue Reading

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