Sep 21, 2011

Incrimination of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein E1 (hnRNP-E1) as a candidate sensor of physiological folate deficiency

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ying-Sheng TangAsok C Antony


The mechanism underlying the sensing of varying degrees of physiological folate deficiency, prior to adaptive optimization of cellular folate uptake through the translational up-regulation of folate receptors (FR) is unclear. Because homocysteine, which accumulates intracellularly during folate deficiency, stimulated interactions between heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein E1 (hnRNP-E1) and an 18-base FR-α mRNA cis-element that led to increased FR biosynthesis and net up-regulation of FR at cell surfaces, hnRNP-E1 was a plausible candidate sensor of folate deficiency. Accordingly, using purified components, we evaluated the physiological basis whereby L-homocysteine triggered these RNA-protein interactions to stimulate FR biosynthesis. L-homocysteine induced a concentration-dependent increase in RNA-protein binding affinity throughout the range of physiological folate deficiency, which correlated with a proportionate increase in translation of FR in vitro and in cultured human cells. Targeted reduction of newly synthesized hnRNP-E1 proteins by siRNA to hnRNP-E1 mRNA reduced both constitutive and L-homocysteine-induced rates of FR biosynthesis. Furthermore, L-homocysteine covalently bound hnRNP-E1 via multiple protein-cystei...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Protein Binding
RNA, Small Interfering
Tertiary Protein Structure
Folate Receptor 1
PCBP1 protein, human
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Homocysteine Measurement

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