May 12, 2014

Serotonergic drugs inhibit CHIKV infection at different stages of the cell entry pathway

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Angus ChadwickJolanda M Smit

Abstract

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an important re-emerging human pathogen transmitted by mosquitoes. The virus causes an acute febrile illness, chikungunya fever, which is characterized by headache, rash and debilitating (poly)arthralgia that can reside for months to years after infection. Currently, effective antiviral therapies and vaccines are lacking. Due to the high morbidity and economic burden in the countries affected by CHIKV, there is a strong need for new strategies to inhibit CHIKV replication. The serotonergic drug, 5-nonyloxytryptamine (5-NT), was previously identified as a potential host-directed inhibitor for CHIKV infection. In this study, we determined the mechanism of action by which the serotonin receptor agonist 5-NT controls CHIKV infection. Using time of-addition and entry bypass assays we found that 5-NT predominantly inhibits CHIKV in the early phases of the replication cycle; at a step prior to RNA translation and genome replication. Intriguingly, however, no effect was seen during virus-cell binding, internalization, membrane fusion and gRNA release into the cell cytosol. Additionally, we show that the serotonin receptor antagonist MM also has antiviral properties towards CHIKV and specifically interferes ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Place Cells
Cell Assembly
Protoplasm
Neurons
Action Potentials
Theta Rhythm
Drug Interactions
Cellular Component Organization
Intracellular
Location

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