Jan 1, 1975

Individual differences in susceptibility to motion sickness among six Skylab astronauts

Acta Astronautica
A GraybielJ L Homick

Abstract

One of the Skylab experiments dealt with motion sickness, comparing susceptibility in the workshop aloft with susceptibility preflight and postflight. Tests were conducted on and after mission-day 8 (MD 8) by which time the astronauts were adapted to working conditions. Stressful accelerations were generated by requiring the astronauts, with eyes covered, to execute standardized head movements (front, back, left, and right) while in a chair that could be rotated at angular velocities up to 30 rpm. The selected endpoint was either 150 discrete head movements or a very mild level of motion sickness. In all rotation experiments aloft, the five astronauts tested (astronaut 1 did not participate) were virtually symptom free, thus demonstrating lower susceptibility aloft than in preflight and postflight tests on the ground when symptoms were always elicited. Inasmuch as the eyes were covered and the canalicular stimuli were the same aloft as on the ground, it would appear that lifting the stimulus to the otolith organs due to gravity was an important factor in reducing susceptibility to motion sickness even though the transient stimuli generated under the test conditions were substantial and abnormal in pattern. Some of the astronaut...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Microgravity
Oxydess
Clinorotation
Organ
Scopolamine
Epidermolysa Bullosa Simplex and Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophy
Coriolis Stimulation
Medicine, Space
Disease Susceptibility
Scoburen

About this Paper

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